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West Java traditional house – West Java is one of the provinces in Indonesia located in the western part of the island of Java. This province has very different cultures compared to the cultures of other regions. One of them is form West Java traditional house.
The traditional house here contains a symbol of their personality. In addition, the land in West Java is known for its beauty, fertility, and prosperity. The people of this part of West Java are better known as Urang Sunda.
The people of Sundanese are known for their warmth, humility, modesty, and optimism. This should be used as an example of the best oriental culture. The traditional house itself has a high philosophical value, especially with the design and color combination.
Different types of West Java traditional house
If we talk about the many traditional houses from different regions, in this case we will provide several types of traditional houses in West Java that you should know. To know and add understanding, here are the traditional houses in the area of Central Java.
1. Imah Badak Heuay
West Java traditional house This means the rhino yawns. A special feature of this traditional house lies on the roof. At the time of design, it almost resembled a Tagog Dog house. The back ceiling is on the edge, so if you look closely this house looks very much like a rhinoceros trying.
This traditional Badak Heuay house is still frequently found in the Sukabumi community. Even now, houses with this design are still used as human settlements here. If you visit the Sukabumi area, especially in the rural areas, these traditional houses will be available.
2. Togog Dog House
Rumah Togog dog means a sitting dog. Design West Java traditional house this is like a sitting dog. The roof has a double roof attached to the triangle.
While the other part of the roof connects together in front. The roof that forms the member is known as soronday.
The function of this roof is usually to close the front porch to give a beautiful view. Housing projects like these are a feature of the homes of the Garut people.
The roof design of this Togog Dog house gives an old and very simple view. There are several types of bungalows, hotels and lounge areas around the top that also use the roof of the house.
In Indonesian, Imah Julang Ngapak means a bird flapping its wings. West Java traditional house this single roof looks too wide on each side.
Besides, the roof of the house is like a bird fluttering its wings. As a complement there is usually a pair of scissors fork (claw hurang) in the community.
The roof of Julang Ngapak’s house is made of palm fronds, straw or grass, tied together with a bamboo roof. Although made of grass and metal, this roof looks very good and not too expensive.
This house design is widely used in the Tasikmalaya area. Even the ITB (Bandung Institute of Technology) building itself uses this model roof design.
4. Imah Jolopong
This type of traditional house is very popular in West Java. This house design is widely used in West Java and surrounding communities. As the name implies, which means “depth”.
West Java traditional house It has a roof that looks straight. This house building is in high demand because the design is easy to make and actually works well on building materials.
The roof of the Imah Jolopong has two sections, which will be drawn on both sides, and an isosceles triangle will be formed. The design of this house is a special feature of the traditional house here and is better known as suhunan. This Jolopong cultural house is used extensively by the people of the Garut area.
5. Imah Parahu Kumureb
Imah Parahu Kumureb West Java traditional house better known as tengkurep boat. The design of this traditional house consists of four main parts with a back and rear shaped like a trapezoid.
While the two sides on the left and right are equal triangles. In the Palembang area, traditional houses like these are best known for their Limasan roof designs.
In keeping with the name, this traditional house looks like a modified boat. The roof design of this traditional house is easy to leak. This is because there are so many members on the roof.
So that Sundanese people do not often use this traditional house design. However, in the Ciamis area, some people still use this roof design.
6. Imah Capit Gunting
It is the name of susuhunan (roof form) in traditional Sundanese traditional houses. In some languages, the word susuhunan is synonymous with undagi, meaning pure structure. Claw Scissors itself is made up of two names, namely Claws and Scissors.
In the Sundanese language, Capit means to collect something by cutting, while a pair of scissors means a folded knife.
While the structure of this West Java traditional house roof structure is very different from normal. The anterior and upper suhunan (suhunan) are finished using bamboo. These woods are built on top so they look like scissors.
7. Kasepuhan Traditional House
This traditional Kasepuhan shrine is as famous as the Kasepuhan Palace. Because West Java traditional house this is in a palace state. The palace was founded by Pangeran Cakrabuana in 1529. He was the son of Prabu Siliwangi from the Padjajaran Kingdom.
The palace expands into the existing Pakungwati Palace. Other parts contained in the Kasepuhan palace:
a. Main Gate
There are two gates, the first on the south side and the second on the north side of the complex. To the south it is called LawangSanga (ninth door). Meanwhile, the north gate is called Crete Pangrawit (in the form of a bridge).
b. Pancaratna building
The main function of this Pancaratna building is to deal with village or village officials. This Paseban will be adopted later by Demang or Wedana. The location of this building is on the left in front of the building on the west.
c. Pangrawit building
The Pangrawit building is located to the left of the north-facing concern. While the word Pancaniti itself comes from two words, namely panca meaning street and niti meaning king (supreme).
The main function of the building is as a rest area, a military training center, and a courtroom.
Of the various forms West Java traditional house that have been described above must have their own uniqueness and characteristics. These uniqueness and characteristics are a symbol or a reflection of the personality of the local community.
This indicates that Indonesia’s homeland is rich in various types of culture and the richness of the archipelago. We should preserve this cultural wealth and serve as a unifying tool for the nation.
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