The Bugis tribe in Indonesia

the bugis tribe

Cuorerosanero – The Bugis tribe (suku bugis) are known as a tribe that is very respectful of its culture. It is proven that no matter how small the problem is and whoever the perpetrator is, it will be dealt with firmly. Even though the perpetrators are their own family or relatives.
The Bugis tribe has a unique culture that still exists today. The reason is, this tribe has cultural diversity that is no less interesting than other tribes in South Sulawesi.
Even though the era is increasingly modern, the culture of this tribe remains an interesting spotlight to further investigate its uniqueness. The cultural diversity of this tribe includes:

Indigenous Marriage in The Bugis tribe

Marriage is a sacred thing where men and women are bound by one promise in building a household. The Bugis tribe Society views marriage as very important so that it establishes a criterion that is considered an ideal marriage.

Division of Marriage of The Bugis tribe

The same is the case with the Javanese people who consider the weight, seeds, and bebet before marriage. No doubt the people of this tribe also have certain criteria in marriage between them. The following is the division of the ideal marriage according to society The Bugis tribe:
a. Assialang Marola
In the Makassar language, this term is called Passialeng baji’na. This form of marriage is said to be the main ideal form. This is because The Bugis tribe marriages by the community are carried out between first cousins, either from the father or mother.
b. Assialana Indeed
Passialleana, that’s what society The Bugis tribe calls it. Like the Assialang marola, this marriage also involves cousins but on the second level either from the father or mother.
c. Ripanddepe ‘Mabelae
This ideal marriage is usually between third-degree cousins from either the father’s or the mother’s side. By the Bugis community, it is usually called nipakambani bellaya. As the last ideal form, it turns out that this marriage has a meaning to reconnect kinship which is quite distant.
It should be noted that although society The Bugis tribe creates the ideal marriage concept, this is not an obligation to be followed. So that many also carry out marriage without referring to the above concept.

Pre-Marriage Activities

Like most communities in general, The Bugis tribe people also have activities before getting married. This in every activity certainly has a meaning and purpose. Following are the activities of this tribe before marriage:
a. Mappuce-puce
This activity is usually called a bride and groom. As is common practice, the male’s family visits the women’s house. This is to get to know the bride and her family better.
b. Massuro
Where the man who comes to the house of the woman talks more about the timing of the wedding of the two brides and the giving of panaik money.
Women with higher education, of course, will have different amounts of panaik money from women with lower education. Likewise with the aristocratic title owned by the bride. This panaik money is different from dowry.
c. Maduppa
Also called spreading wedding invitations to guests to be invited. Which shows the person who was present at their wedding. Here the customary chief also has a special position as an invited guest.

Owned Art of The Bugis tribe

The arts that are owned by each region are certainly different from one another. Likewise, people The Bugis tribe who have arts that are no less interesting than other tribes. Art from this tribe, there is dance and music can be seen from several musical instruments that are owned. The full review can be listened to below:

Dance of The Bugis tribe

The Bugis tribe has an interesting art in the form of dances. The dance performed by this tribe is very beautiful and enchanting and has several names. Dance names from The Bugis tribe include:
a. Paduppa Bosara Dance
This dance means welcoming guests who come to visit. This is a form of appreciation and gratitude to the guests for coming.
b. Pakarena dance
Pakarena in the local language means play. Initially it was only used for performances at the royal palace. In its development, this dance is increasingly known. This dance reflects the gentle nature and manners of a woman.
c. Ma’badong dance
The Bugis tribe Used by the community at funerals. The dancers wear black clothes or are sometimes free. The dancers link their little fingers in a circle. The ma’badong dance is performed with alternating steps accompanied by songs that describe human life from birth to death.
d. Pa’gellu dance
This dance is used to welcome someone who comes home from war. Behind this heroic dance, there is a proverb “don’t let the peanuts forget the skin”. In essence, we should always remember the merits of our heroes.
e. Mabissu dance
This dance demonstrates the supernatural powers of the bissu in Sigeri, South Sulawesi. This type of dance shows how immune they are to their whistle weapons. So that this dance seems mystical but aesthetic.
f. Fan Dance
As the name implies, the dancers dance using fans and accompanied by songs. The uniqueness, even though the movements are gentle, but behind it is the rhythm that is played in a fast tempo. so that the dancers behind it with a fast rhythm must maintain their gentle movements.

Musical instrument of The Bugis tribe

Incomplete if a society has a dance without musical instruments. Likewise with the community The Bugis tribe who have musical instruments that help complement the beauty of their dances. As for musical instruments The Bugis tribe including:
Gandrang Bulo. This musical instrument is derived from the words Gandrang and Bulo combined which means to be a bamboo drum.
Lute. This musical instrument is played by the strings used at ceremonies, weddings, etc. Its function is to enrich the combined sound of other musical instruments.
Drum. This musical instrument resembles an oval tambourine and is circular in shape. Like other drums, the Bugis community drum also produces a distinct sound and provides a beautiful rhythm.
The flute. The flute consists of 3 types, namely the long flute (flute light), the calabai flute (poncho flute), and a separate incense flute. This bell is often used to welcome guests.

The traditional House of the Bugis Tribe

Traditional houses The Bugis tribe built without the use of any nails and was fitted with wood or iron. This type of house has 2 different types of environment. The saoraja house was reserved for the nobility, while the ball was for the common people. The difference lies in the location of both houses and the size of the supporting poles.
This house also has 3 sections. Hour Ball is down (down) to store agricultural implements, hunting tools, etc. The body of the house consists of a living room, a bedroom, a seed storage area, etc. The back serves as a kitchen or bed for adults and girls.
The construction of this house is influenced by Islam because its house overlooks the Qibla and there are many Islamic paintings.

Human Clothing The Bugis Tribe

The Bugis people have traditional clothing called bodo (short) clothing. Originally the shirt was made with short sleeves without wearing underwear. In time, these garments were made to cover the genitals because of the influence of Islam.
This bodo shirt is paired with an interior that is the same color but simple. In addition, for the lower ones in the form of silk-colored sarongs.

The culture of the Bugis tribe

A common custom is to hold a traditional mappadendang (Bugs Tribe). In addition to being a thank-you note for the successful planting of rice, the festival also has a magical indigo.
This festival is also called grain purification. It means to clean and clean the stems and leaves and then dry them directly under the sun. The event was held by beating a lump on the hat in a row, performed by 6 women and three men wearing bodo dresses.
The women who work at the baruga booth are called pakkindona, while the men are called pakkambona. The men are dancing and sowing the end of the mud. The new used rooms are made of bamboo, while the woven bamboo fence is called walasoji.
That is the culture that the Bugis tribe has not been practiced only for generations. In addition, it has magical values and promotes rich cultural treasures that are essential for unity.

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