- 1 The Batak Traditional House Philosophy
- 2 The Meaning of Batak Traditional House
Batak Traditional House is one of Indonesian culture which is quite famous. Another attraction of Samosir is not only the Batak tribe, but also the Batak traditional house. The uniqueness of traditional houses in Northern Sumatra is also an attractive tourist attraction for tourists. Batak traditional house is Rumah Bolon which usually consists of two parts, namely the house and sopo (rice barn).
That granary is in front of the house and is limited by the outer court. The court is the one that has a function as a common room for residents.
There are two types of Batak traditional houses, namely a house that has a lot of decoration called Jabu Batara Siang, while a house that is not decorated is called Jabu Ereng.
In terms of shape, large houses are called Bolon Houses. While the small one is called Jabu Parbale-balean. Not only the design of a neat house, but the traditional Batak house also has a philosophy. What is the philosophy of this Batak traditional house?
The Batak Traditional House Philosophy
Batak Traditional House is not only built as a place to live, but also has a philosophy which is a way of life. Various noble values exist in this traditional house. His philosophy is as a way of life in relationships between individuals.
In addition, other philosophies are as a form of cultural preservation which is a means of cultural preservation. It aims to be passed on to future generations. Besides having a philosophy, Batak traditional house also has meaning. Here is the meaning of this traditional house.
The Meaning of Batak Traditional House
It turns out that the Batak Traditional House also has a broad meaning, not just its beauty and uniqueness. The following is the complete meaning of your home made by the Batak people.
The Meaning of Batak Traditional Paintings and Ornaments
Batak traditional houses are usually occupied by five to six families. In this house you can see a lot of ornaments and carvings typical of the Batak. One of them is the Gorga ornament.
Gorga ornamentation is symbolized as a sign of repelling reinforcements such as danger, disease, and others. The ornament is usually affixed to the outside wall of the house and has three shapes, snake, lizard, and buffalo.
Lizard-shaped gorga means that a Batak person can live anywhere and can adapt. Although they are far away, it is hoped that the Batak people can maintain a sense of brotherhood.
Snake-shaped gorga has something to do with the belief of Batak tribe who believe that if the house is entered by snake, the inhabitants will get blessing.
The buffalo-shaped gorga is a thank you to the buffalo for helping humans in life
The Meaning of Parts of a House
Construction of traditional houses is carried out with mutual cooperation. The material used is the best choice of wood. When carpenters choose wood by tapping it, it is believed that the wood that sounds loud is good wood.
The foundation used is rectangular with strong walls and poles combined. The meaning is cooperation or mutual cooperation when carrying a heavy burden. The upper part of the traditional house is supported by a pole which is often called a ninggor. This ninggor is a tall, straight tan, which means honesty.
At the front there is arop-aropan which has meaning as a hope to live well. then what serves to hold the roof or called songsong boltak has meaning if there is a host who feels not good then it should be buried in the heart.
People usually clean the house by sweeping away all the dirt and throwing it into a hole called a lake near the cooking kitchen. This is connected has the meaning to throw away all the bad and mistakes from inside the house.
In the Batak traditional house there is a kind of small stage that serves as a place to store rice which has meaning as a hope for fluency. This small stage is shaped like a balcony. Besides having a thick meaning, the Batak Traditional House also has 3 parts of the Batak traditional house, namely:
Parts of Batak Traditional House
According to its level, the Batak traditional house is divided into 3 parts, namely the lower part, the middle part, and the upper part. All parts have their own members. At the bottom or often called Tombara consists of foundation stones, pegs that pierced cheerfully as well as stairs or balatuk.
In the middle or often called Tonga which consists of the front, side and rear walls. While at the top or commonly called Ginjang consists of the roof. Under the roof is a urur and above the urur stretches lais.
The lower part of this traditional house has a function as a place for livestock such as buffalo, etc. the middle part is human habitation and the upper part is for storing sacred objects. Here is the complete part of the Batak traditional house
The roof of this house takes the idea of the back of a buffalo whose shape is curved. By taking this concept, the traditional Batak house looks aerodynamic against strong winds from the lake.
The roof of the house is made of palm wire. This palm fiber is an easy material to get in the area, so the Batak people use it as a roofing material. The Batak people consider the roof to be sacred, so they make the roof used to store their sacred objects or heirlooms.
As the name implies, home body means body and is located in the middle. In Batak mythology, it is called middle world. This middle world has meaning as a place for human activities such as joking, sleeping, cooking, etc. The house body is equipped with traditional tribes with ornaments in the form of ipons. Ipon-ipon is believed to be able to reject reinforcements.
The foundation used by this traditional house uses a ring type foundation. This means that stone is the foundation of a wooden column on it. Pole with a diameter of about 42-50 cm standing on a stone structure that is flexible. So that Batak traditional houses can withstand earthquakes.
The 18 pillars of the Batak traditional house have a philosophy of togetherness and sturdiness. The umpak type foundation was used by the Batak tribe because at that time there were still large quantities of ojahan stones and barking logs on a large scale. At that time, adhesives such as cement had not yet been discovered.
Batak tribe makes this traditional house full of calculations. Batak traditional houses made sloping walls so that the wind from the outside easily enter into. The rope used to tie the walls is called a retard made of palm fiber and rattan. The straps were shaped like a lizard pattern that has 2 to and opposite each other.
The Batak tribe uses this pattern not without meaning, but the lizard-shaped pattern has a meaning as a guardian of the house and the two absurdly contradictory meanings that all residents of the house have the same role and must respect.
Do not miss part of this traditional Batak house is the door. Batak tribe makes this door look more attractive surrounded by carvings, paintings and writings. The main door of this traditional house jutted in with a width of 80 cm and height of approximately 1.5 m.
Batak traditional house also has a distinctive beauty, located on the roof of the house in the form of a taper in the front or back. The front of this house is deliberately made longer than the back is not without meaning. They have a belief that with the shape of a roof that is sharp and elongated means that they pray for the descendants of the homeowner to have