Table of Contents
- 1 The Form of Traditional Aceh Houses
- 2 Main Components of Aceh Traditional Houses
- 3 Stages in Building Aceh’s Traditional Houses
Aceh Traditional House – Aceh is indeed attached to Islamic culture, because Aceh is indeed one of the entrances to the spread of Islam in Indonesia. Therefore, Acehnese culture is often created by a mixture of Malay culture between Malay culture. One proof of the acculturation of the two cultures is the traditional house of Aceh or Rumoh Aceh.
Aceh Province is the northernmost province of the island of Sumatra. The province, which was once named D.I Aceh and Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, is famous for its Islamic Sharia. This Aceh received a special regional title so that Aceh was able to regulate the law of its own government with Islamic law.
Rumoh Aceh is increasingly rare because people prefer concrete housing. However, you can still find this traditional house in the village. There are two places to see this traditional Acehnese house.
You can visit the Aceh Museum in Banda Aceh and Rumoh Cut Nyak Dhien in Lampisang, Aceh Besar. If you want to find out more about this Aceh traditional house, see the explanation below.
The Form of Traditional Aceh Houses
In general, Aceh traditional houses are on stilts with a pole height of 2.50-3 meters. The shape is uniform, in the form of a rectangle that extends from east to west. That said, the elongated shape was chosen to facilitate the determination of the direction of Qibla prayer.
Traditional Acehnese houses are usually made of wood and have thatched roofs. The interior of the Aceh rumoh has three or five rooms, with one main room called creepers. A house with three rooms usually has 16 poles, while a house with five rooms has as many as 24 poles.
The main door of Rumoh Aceh is its height is always lower than adults. Usually the height of this door is only 120-150 cm. Therefore, so that everyone who enters Rumoh Aceh must bow.
Even though the door is short, you will find a large house when you enter it. There is no furniture such as sofa chairs and tables. Guests usually sit on a mat provided by the homeowner.
If the person who owns the house is someone who is affluent, the Aceh house has intricate carvings and ornaments. While for ordinary people, it is enough to make a stage house without any carvings and ornaments. This Aceh traditional house is also earthquake and flood resistant.
Main Components of Aceh Traditional Houses
Rumoh Aceh in each district or city the details are different. Although the details are different, this Aceh traditional house has the same main component in general. The main components in Aceh rumoh are usually:
Seuramoe-ukeu (Front Porch)
Seuramoe is a room that serves to receive male guests. It is located right at the front of the house. This room also functions as well as a place to sleep as well as a place to eat male guests.
Seuramoe-likoot (Back Porch)
The main function of this room is a place to receive female guests. It is located at the back of the house. Just like the front porch before, this porch can also be a place to sleep and dining room for female guests.
The location of this space between the front porch and the back porch. His position was made higher and divided into two rooms. Both are separated by an alley that connects the front porch and the back porch.
The location of this kitchen near or connected to the back porch. The kitchen floor is slightly lower than the back porch floor.
Seulasa or terrace of this house is located at the very front of the house. the location was attached to the front porch. The location of this terrace has been determined since time immemorial and has not changed until now.
Kroong-padee (Rice Barns)
The majority of Acehnese work as farmers. Therefore, the Aceh Community provides rice barns which are separated from the main building. Although separated, this rice barn is still located in the yard of the house. Its location is varied, can be behind, on the side, or even in front of the house.
Usually this gate is not very common in Aceh traditional houses. The gate is usually owned by wealthy people or community leaders. This is one of the characteristics of the house owned by the community leader. The gate is usually made of wood and has a booth over it.
The pole is the most important component that must be owned by traditional Acehnese houses. The strength of the pillars is the main foundation of this traditional house. This pole is round with a diameter of 20-35 cm and as high as 150-170 cm.
The amount can be 16, 20, 24, or 28 sticks. The existence of these poles also functions to facilitate the process of moving a house without having to laboriously dismantle it.
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For the people of Aceh, building a Acehnese house is like building a life. Therefore, the construction of Aceh houses must meet the requirements and be gradual. The development process of Rumoh Aceh was carried out carefully and based on local knowledge of the community.
Therefore, Rumoh Aceh can last for hundreds of years even though it is only made of wood. The stages in the making of Aceh rumoh are:
Before making a house, usually a family discussion is usually held. After reaching an agreement, the results of the planning were conveyed to Teungku (Ulama) in the village. The purpose of telling teungku is to get suggestions so that the house becomes more calm and peaceful.
In addition, there is also deliberation about the Requirements that must be carried out. These requirements are usually in the form of selecting good days determined by Teungku, procuring selected wood, festivity (parties), and so on.
Procurement of Materials
After reaching consensus from family and teungku, then the material was held. The materials needed to make Aceh rumoh are wood, trieng (bamboo), sago palm leaves, and others.
Provision of this material is carried out cooperatively by the local community. The wood chosen is usually wood that has no roots and does not involve other wood when it is felled.
The wood is finally collected in a shady place and not exposed to rain. If the construction time is still long, the wood will be soaked in water first. The aim is that the wood is not eaten by insects. After that, wood is formed according to the needs of the house.
Building a House
After all the processes are ready, the construction of Aceh houses will begin. The initial construction of the Aceh Traditional House was marked by the construction of a platform for paving timber.
The first wood to be planted is the main pole (the king’s pole) then followed by the other pillars. After all the poles are installed, then proceed with making the middle of the house.
The center of the house includes the floor of the house and the walls of the house. Next, the making of the top which ends with the installation of the roof of the house. The last part of the construction of the Aceh House is the installation of supporting ornaments such as decorative carvings and so on.
That’s some interesting info about the traditional house of Aceh. The Aceh House was built with Aceh’s values and cultural wisdom. Therefore, the traditional house of Aceh must be preserved.