Table of Contents
Papuan tribes – Papua is an island in the eastern part of Indonesia. Papua was formerly called West Irian or Irian Jaya. There are many diverse Papuan tribes there. About hundreds of tribes are there.
Apart from the many ethnic groups living in Papua, Papua is also famous for its natural treasures hidden in it. Many millions of eyes on the world are attracted to the island. Not only are its natural resources plentiful, but Papua’s natural beauty is like a beautiful paradise on earth.
Twelve years ago, the name Papua became known throughout the world. Papua’s diversity will make you fall in love with the island, especially the many Papuan tribes and their own characteristics.
There are so many tribes in Papua. Not many of these tribes are traditional and still adhere to the traditions of their ancestors to this day. Like the Asmat Tribe, the Amungme Tribe, the Asmat Tribe can be familiar to your ears. Not only that, but there are still many races in Papua.
List Of Ethnic Groups In Papua
According to available sources, the first people to settle in Papua were more than 45 thousand years ago. At present, Papua’s population is over 3 million. Some of them live in the highlands. The following are the most discussed Papuan tribes:
The Dan tribe is one of the many Papuan tribes in the mountainous region and lives throughout the Jayawijaya Regency. Most people know that the Dan tribe lives in the Baliem Valley.
The area is famous for its skilled farmers using tools such as stone axes, animal skeletons, bamboo and digging wood that are known to be durable and durable.
The tribe of Dan is still wearing the cover or cover of the penis. For women wearing wah clothes made of grass or fiber. They live in a house.
Major ceremonies and religion and war are practiced by the tribe of Dan. The tribe first came to the village of Baliem almost a century ago.
The Asmat tribe is the largest and most populous nation in Papua. One of the things that makes the Asmat tribe so famous is the very different wood carvings.
Many motifs are often the main theme of making these drawings. The Asmat tribe usually takes on the theme of their ancestors or so-called mbis. In the Asmat tribe, the art of carpentry is a reflection of their practice of remembering the spirits of their ancestors.
Common signs such as boats. They believe in the symbol of the spirit boat that carried their ancestors to the grave.
The Korowai Tribe
The Korowai people live in a large area on the southern plains of the Jayawijaya Mountains. The area forms wetlands, mangrove forests and wetlands. The Korahites are believed to be part of the human family.
The Korowai tribe is one of the Papuan tribes that does not include kateka. Many people know the Korahite tribe as hunters-gatherers living in tree houses.
The Amungme Tribe
The Amungme tribe has a population of 13,000 and lives in the highlands of Papua. One of these papuan tribes has a very unique approach. They practice flexible farming and fulfill tasks by hunting and gathering.
The Amungme tribe is confined to the land of their ancestors. They consider the mountain to be a holy place. The mountain that was used as the gold mine was PT. Freeport is a very high sacred mountain. The community of the Amungme Tribe calls us Nemang Kawi.
Nemang means arrow and kawi means sacred, so Nawang Kawi is a sacred arrow or means he has no war or peace. The place of the Amungme tribe is called Amungsa.
The Bauzi Tribe
Through the United States Missionary and Languages Agency, the Bauzi tribe is listed in the 14 independent states. As an isolated tribe, some bauzi men wear leather and / or dried tree bark tied with string at the end of their genitals.
Meanwhile, the women were wearing a sheet of dried bark and a rope around their waist to cover their genitals.
At traditional ceremonies or at the reception, the old men put cassowary feathers on their heads and smear their bodies with sago. Most of these tribes still live by hunting and gathering and by roaming.
The Muyu Tribe
The Muyu tribe is one of the indigenous Papuan tribes who live and thrive in Boven Digoel Regency. The ancestors of the Muyu tribe lived in the area around the Muyu River northeast of the Merauke. In contrast, some human scientists call the Myu Tribe Primitive Capitalists.
The Muyu tribe is considered to be the smartest middle tribe. They held key positions in the Boven Digoel administrative building. Of the 1800 public servants, about 45% came from the Umhlanga Tribe.
The Muyu people are known for being economical, hardworking and very appreciative of education. They call themselves Kati. The description is real.
The Huli Tribe
The Huli tribe is one of the largest Papuan tribes. They paint their faces with yellow, red, and white paint. They are well-known for their custom of making wigs with their hair.
Gift-like tools with gifts are also perfect for adding a touch of humor. In conclusion, there are so many tribes living on this island of Papua. Some of them are different from other nations.
As Indonesian citizens, we should be proud of the island of Papua, which holds Indonesia’s natural resources and beautiful paradisaic landscape. We should also be proud and respect our brothers and sisters who live far away.
read too :